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Browse Competitive Examinations CLAT An Introduction to CLAT

Now, let us go through the Logic section.

The Logic section has two types of questions. critical reasoning and analytical reasoning. In critical reasoning, the questions are closer to English, whereas in analytical reasoning, the questions are closer to Maths.

Some of the types of critical questions that come in the CLAT paper are, weakening and strengthening questions, inference questions and flaw in the argument questions.

If we analyse last year’s CLAT, there were around 12 questions on critical reasoning. These questions were on word analogies, odd one out, course-of-action, etc.

Now let us go through some sample questions on Critical Reasoning. The first question is:

Which word does not belong with the others?

Options are:

(a) Flute

(b) Clarinet

(c) Saxophone and

(d) Violin

The correct answer is (d) Violin.

In all the other options, the instruments produce music when wind passes through them, whereas in case of violin, it produces music because of vibration of its strings.

Now let us go through another sample on Critical Reasoning. The question is:

Read the statement and on the basis of that choose the most appropriate course of action(s) given below the statement.

The statement was: Most of those who study in premier medical colleges in India migrate to developed nations for better prospects in their professional pursuits.

The courses of action given were:

  1. All the students joining these colleges should be asked to sign, a bond at the time of admission to the effect, that they will remain in India for at least 10 years after they complete their medical education.
  2. All those students who desire to settle in the developed nations should be asked to pay the entire cost of their education which the government subsidised for them.

Options given were:

(a) Only I follows

(b) Only II follows

(c) Both I and II follow

(d) Neither I nor II follows

The correct answer is (d). This is because both the course of actions are draconian and not at all socialist in nature. Therefore, the appropriate answer is (d).

Another type of questions in Logic are analytical questions. These questions are closer to Maths. There are around 8 or 9 types of questions which are on sequencing, blood relations, grouping, etc. If we have a look at CLAT 2018 there were questions on tabular data, row arrangements, sitting arrangements, coding, direction sense, series completion, etc.

Now let’s go through a sample question

If “DECEMBER” is “AUGUST”, “MARCH” is “MAY”, “SEPTEMBER” is “SEPTEMBER” and “OCTOBER” is “JULY”, then what is “JUNE” ?

(a) February

(b) April

(c) January

(d) November

The correct answer is (b) April. The reasoning is that since December has 8 letters, the 8th month of the year is August; Similarly as March has 5 letters, the 5th month of the year is May. Similarly, June has 4 letters and the 4th month of the year is April.